CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) is high-level taxonomy, including 14 roles, that can be used to represent the roles typically played by contributors to scientific scholarly output. The roles describe each contributor’s specific contribution to the scholarly output.

Badge Role Definition
Conceptualization Ideas, formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
Data curation Produce metadata, scrub data and maintain research data for initial use and later re-use.
Formal analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze data.
Funding acquisition Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
Investigation Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the data collection.
Methodology Development or design of methodology; creation of models.
Project administration Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
Resources Provision of study materials, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
Software Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms.
Supervision Oversight for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
Validation Replication of results and other research outputs.
Visualization Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically data presentation.
Writing – original draft Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft.
Writing – review and editing Critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.

Source: Compiled using badges from Center for Open Science and core definitions from CASRAI. See also